Timeline of Events Shaping Lewis Co, WV

 
1763-1840
                                                  compiled by Joy Stalnaker
Reenactment of the capture of the Schoolcraft Children by the Shawnee (Photo by Joy DeFazio)
 
1763 – John & Samuel PRINGLE live in tree at Turkey Run, Upshur Co, for 3 years
1769 – John HACKER settles on Hacker’s Creek & first white child, William HACKER, born
1773/1774 – First fort at today’s Jane Lew built
ca 1775 – John HACKER establishes one of first grist mills in area on Hacker’s Creek
1776-1783 – America Revolution
1776 – Monongalia County formed
1777 – Year of the Bloody Sevens – massacres along the western frontier.  John HACKER and others served with Capt. James BOOTH defending the frontier.
1778 – Indian attacks.  Elizabeth HACKER FREEMAN, Thomas HUGHES, Issac WASHBURN, and numerous others were killed during this year in separate attacks.
1779-1780 – Fort abandoned with settlers going to Nutter’s Fort & Bushes Fort.  Fort
            burned in one of these years.
1790 – Beech Fort,  later called West’s Fort, built where is now Jane Lew Fire
 Department
1790 - George Adam BUSH first settler at present day Freemansburg
1780-1790 – John SLEETH Trading Post
1784 – Harrison County formed.  First county court held at Pringle Tree community.
1784 – Methodism came to America from England.
1787 – Shawnee-SCHOOLCRAFT raid on Hacker’s Creek Settlement
1788 - New York City is chosen as temporary seat of US Government
            US Constitution ratified.
1789 - George WASHINGTON is first president; John ADAMS is first vice president.
            Thanksgiving established.
1790 – Circuit riders from Methodist Church began visiting county.
1790 - First Census of US
1791 - Bill of Rights added to Constitution
1792 – WAGGONER Family tragedy; Henry McWHORTER built mill at today’s Jane Lew
1793 - Eli WHITNEY patented cotton gin.
1794 – COZAD children captured by Indians – last raid in the county.
1795 – Greenville Treaty brought peace with Indians in the West
1795 – Families began to leave Lewis County and head west
1797 - John HARDMAN was first settler on Little Skin Creek (mouth of Curtis Run)
            and operated mill that served the area.
            Richard JOHNSON followed shortly and was first settler on Big Skin Creek.
1800 - George COLLINS & Daniel TURVEY were first settlers in Collins Settlement
            on lands patented to Col. George JACKSON.
1800 - School being taught by Henry McWHORTER and others at old West's Fort.
1801 – Edward JACKSON’s  grist Mill built on West Fork - sawmill added soon after
1803 - Louisiana Purchase
1804-1806 - Lewis and Clark Expedition to Pacific Ocean
1804 – Broad Run Baptist Church established
1808 - Widespread economic decline throughout U.S.
1808 - Thomas McCARTNEY built home near mouth of Bennett Run for William &
            Rebecca McCALLY BENNETT
1809? - Jackson's Mill Post Office
1810 - George BUSH, then Henry CURTIS, operated mill near Gaston
1810 – Clarksburg had 31 families living there
1812 -  Star Spangled Banner written; War of 1812
1813 - Andrew "Old Ireland" WILSON believed to have settled near Ireland
1816 – Dec 18 - measure forming Lewis County passed
1817 – Preston and then Fleshersville established
1818 – Dams on Little Kanawha and the West Fork proposed.
1818 - Henry HARDMAN teaching in "Old Field" School near Vandalia.
1819 – Fleshersville became Weston
1819 - Earliest major economic depression in the U.S.
1819 – Harmony Methodist Church built.
1819 - Alabama is 22nd state admitted to Union
1820 – First bridge in county at Maxwell’s Run
1820 – Road to saltworks in today’s Braxton County surveyed
1821 - Post office established in Collins Settlement, the third p.o. in the county.
1822 – Bailey House opened in Weston
1823 – Staunton and Parkersburg Turnpike proposed.  First funds the next year.
1824 - Thomas Jonathan JACKSON born in nearby Clarksburg
1825 - Bush's grist and saw mill established; eventually became town of Roanoke
1827 – Methodist Church split.
1828 – Survey for S&P Turnpike completed.
1828 - Post office established at Freemansburg.  Alexander K. SLEETH first postmaster.
1830 – Peter SWISHER killed by falling tree.  Berlin Methodist church established
1831-1838 - Hackersville post office.
1832 – Minter BAILEY granted license to keep an ordinary at Bailey House
1833 - 33 common schools in county supported by Virginia Literary Fund
1834 - Mt. Gilead/Georgetown Methodist Church established on land donated by
            John HELMICK
1835 - William BENNETT started mill at Walkersville
1836 – Dams on Little Kanawha and West Fork proposed again.
1836 – Construction begun on Weston & Gauley Bridge Turnpike; Weston and
 Charleston Turnpike layed out.
1836 - New school built on Skin Creek.  Teachers included PETERSON, HARDMAN and
 WILSON.
1837 - Second major economic depression in America
1837 - Samuel F.B. MORSE invents telegraph
1839 - Jane Lew Post Office
1840 - Only two settlements made in Courthouse District before this date.
1841 – Portions of  Staunton & Parkersburg Turnpike opened.